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Head injuries can range from relatively minor damage to the scalp and face such as lacerations, abrasions and bruising, to more serious damage resulting in a Traumatic Brain Injury.  Mild traumatic brain injury may cause temporary dysfunction of brain cells. More serious traumatic brain injuries can result in bruising, torn tissues, bleeding and other physical damage to the brain that can result in long-term complications or death.  According to the CDC (United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention), there are approximately 1.7 million people in the U.S. who suffer from a traumatic brain injury each year and TBI is a contributing factor to a third (30.5%) of all injury-related deaths in the United States.

There are two types of TBI.   The first, "Closed Head Injury",  occurs when an outside force impacts the head hard enough to cause movement of the brain within the skull, but not break the skull.  Causes may include falls, motor vehicle crash, or being struck by or with an object.   The second, "Open Head Injury", occurs when the force in great enough to penetrate or break the skull  thereby causing direct damage to the brain.  Causes may include firearm injuries or being struck with a sharp object.  With both of the above types of brain injury, some form of trauma is the direct cause of the brain damage.

Causes of TBI

Common events causing traumatic brain injury include the following:

  • Falls. Falling down steps, falling from ladders and related falls are the most common cause of traumatic brain injury overall, particularly in older adults and young children
  • Vehicle-related collisions. Collisions involving cars, motorcycles or bicycles and pedestrians are a common cause of traumatic brain injury.
  • Violence. About 10 percent of traumatic brain injuries are caused by violence, such as gunshot wounds, domestic violence or child abuse. Shaken baby syndrome is traumatic brain injury caused by the violent shaking of an infant that damages brain cells.
  • Sports injuries. Traumatic brain injuries may be caused by injuries from a number of sports, including soccer, boxing, football, baseball, lacrosse, skateboarding, hockey, and other high-impact or extreme sports.

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) can significantly affect many cognitive, physical, and psychological skills. Physical deficit can include ambulation, balance, coordination, fine motor skills, strength, and endurance. Cognitive deficits of language and communication, information processing, memory, and perceptual skills are common. Psychological status is also often altered. Adjustment to disability issues are frequently encountered by people with TBI.

     After a brain injury, things that once were easy and familiar become strange and difficult. A great deal of mental effort is usually required to do things that required little or no effort before the brain injury. Work, school and personal relationships often suffer. Those effected often get extremely frustrated at their condition. The injured party becomes less efficient at their job and often they will not be able to return to work. Often they become unpredictable, unreliable, and sometimes violent. As you can imagine, a brain injury can affect the entire family. 

Proving Fault and Liability

If you or a loved one has suffered a head injury because of someone else's negligence or wrongdoing, financial compensation should be available for your losses.  In order to have a successful injury claim, you will have to prove how and why the accident occurred.  If the injury was the result of an auto  or motorcycle accident, you will have to prove that the at-fault driver's negligence was a contributing factor in the accident.  If the injury resulted from a fall and that fall was on someone else's property, you will have to show that the hazardous condition was known to the owner and the responsible party failed to prevent the fall or warn you about it.
Because of the many types and ramifications of TBI, it can be difficult to put a monetary value on the loss.  Victims of TBI can seek compensation for damages including medical expenses, lost wages, lost future income, loss of livelihood, hospitalization, surgeries, rehabilitation, permanent injuries, disabilities, pain and suffering and emotional distress.

Legal representation is a must.  Pirrone and Pirrone has had extensive experience in representing persons who have suffered a brain injury. If you know of someone who has suffered a brain injury, feel free to contact us.

where do i start?
You have found the best possible law firm for individuals injured in accidents resulting in Traumatic Brain Injuries

Pirrone & Pirrone can assist you in obtaining the best possible compensation for your injuries. We completely understand the complexity of TBI's and the legalities required for proper and fair compensation. 

The next step is to discuss your accident  and evaluate your injuries so we can determine your future legal needs. We can prepare your case in a way that insurance companies understand and accept. We will help you to fully document all aspects of your case including your injuries and the circumstances of your accident. 

Do not delay.  Call or e-mail us today, so we can start resolving your case quickly and efficiently.   


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The information you obtain at this site is not, nor is it intended to be, legal advice. You should consult an attorney for advice regarding your individual situation. We invite you to contact us and welcome your calls, letters and electronic mail. Contacting us does not create an attorney-client relationship. Please do not send any confidential information to us until such time as an attorney-client relationship has been established.

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